Stain vs. Paint (Differences between Painting and Wood Staining)

Stain vs. Paint, which direction should I go? There is often confusion about which one to use or which one is better. You may be surprised to find out that the answer to that question is not as simple as you think.

When planning your project, you should choose the right finish based on what you plan to paint and what type of style you desire. Without this step, your project may not appear as you intended.

Painting vs. Staining share many similarities, but they also differ greatly which can influence your decision. In both cases, paint and stain serve as protective, preservative, and decorative materials.

Find out more about stain or paint, and then you can decide which one is best for your project.

Stain vs. Paint

.

Painting vs. Staining (Quick Summary)

In stain vs. paint composition, there are three basic ingredients :

  • Pigment
  • Solvent
  • Binding agent

If you compare a tin of stain with a tin of paint, you will notice that the stain appears thinner. The paint contains more pigment particles in the liquid vehicle, producing a noticeable difference in appearance.

The principal difference between paint and stain is that paint coats the surface and covers it, whereas stain penetrates into the surface and preserves its natural beauty.

Paint:

Stained vs Painted wood

  • Generally, paint requires fewer coats than stain due to its thicker consistency.
  • Paint is easier to maintain.
  • Paint is available in a greater variety of colors, sheens and finishes than stain.
  • A paint surface must also be primed before painting, whereas stain does not require priming.
  • Paint can be applied over already painted surfaces, however stain cannot be applied over painted surfaces.
  • You may find that paint is more expensive than stain, depending on the type you purchase.
  • The coverage of the paint is more uniform when there are more pigments in the paint.
  • In contrast, paint is available in satin, metallic, flat, oil based, matte, and gloss finishes. In contrast, stain is only available in matte and will require varnishing to obtain a glossy finish.
  • Researchers have found that painting activity reduces cortisol levels and relaxes the mind.
  • In comparison to spray paint vs stain wood, paint is generally more durable. Moreover, we offer high-quality paint sprayers for deck staining.

How Much Does Paint Cost?

There is an average cost of $15 to $50 per gallon of paint and each can covers about 400 square feet. A common mistake homeowners make when painting their homes is selecting the wrong paint for the project.

A comparison of paint prices for different types of paint is shown in this chart.

Type Of Paint Used ForPrice per Gallon
High Gloss High gloss paints are most reflective, durable and easiest to clean. It is a good choice to be used on cabinets, doors, windows, trim.$30 – 120
Flat paint Applying this product takes less time because of its matte finish. It absorbs light, which makes it ideal for covering small imperfections.$27 – 40
Matt Smooth, non-reflective appearance that hides nail holes and other surface blemishes. It is a go to option for drywall, bedroom, dining room.$25 – 50
EggshellEggshell paint is easier to wash than flat sheen paint. It is a popular type of wall paint today. Living rooms, hallways, and dining rooms are best suited for it. $24 – 40
Satin PaintThis paint is durable and has a lustrous sheen. It is used for ceilings, walls and woodworking projects.$29 – 42
Semi-Gloss It has a noticeable shine finish and is more durable than matte and flat paint. You can use semi-gloss finishes for trim, kitchens, bathrooms, and moldings. $33 – 56

Pros & Cons of Painting


PROS:

  • In general, painting is easier to apply than staining
  • Paints protect from moisture
  • Paint offers more options
  • Easy to maintain paint

CONS:

  • The cost of painting can be higher than staining
  • Overexposure to the sun peels paint

paint and stain
Wood stain or paint

Stain:

  • It is often less costly to purchase stain than paint.
  • The options and colors of stain are limited.
  • A coating that needs to be touched up is easier to reapply and recoat with stain.
  • Typically, it is used on wood projects, but it has some options for concrete too.
  • Additionally, pigment stains, dye-based stains, and gel stains are all available if those appeal to you.
  • Stains are faster to apply than paint, since they don’t always require priming.
  • Adding stain to wood surfaces enhances its texture and beauty.
  • Stain does not peel and is more resistant to chipping, but has a tendency to fade.
  • It is estimated that one gallon of stain can cover approximately 175 square feet.
  • If the surface is particularly absorbent, you may need to apply more stain than planned.

How Much Does stain Cost?

The cost of a gallon of stain ranges from $20 to $50, and it covers an area of 175 to 300 square feet.

Type Of Stain What is wood stain used forPrice per Gallon
Solid Deck StainWith solid stain, your deck can be protected from moisture damage caused by rain, snow, and other precipitation. It blocks ultraviolet rays and can sometimes be used over painted surfaces. $25 – $70
Water-Based Deck Stain Water stains last longer than oil-based stains, as they have high UV resistance and color retention. It is primarily used for small indoor and outdoor projects that are environmentally friendly.$20 – $90
Oil-Based Deck StainOil-based stains are ideal for furniture or large wood surfaces, as they dry more slowly, which gives the piece a more natural look and even finish. It can sometimes be applied over paint.$35 – $120
Semi-Solid Deck StainSemi-Solid Stains provide hiding coverage on wood surfaces. It is a good choice for older decks.$40 – $90
Semi-Transparent Deck StainIt protects and beautifies exterior wood surfaces. In the case of weathered or stained decks, this is an excellent option.$20 – $100
Transparent Deck StainThis stain preserves the natural color of your deck.$20 – $60
Clear Deck StainIt provides natural look and good protection for wood surface against graying and cracking.$20 – $50

Pros & Cons of Staining


PROS:

  • It penetrates the grain of the wood
  • It ensures the beauty of the wood such as its color, grain, and texture, to its fullest extent.
  • Gradually, it fades away over time without peeling
  • It adds a layer of protection
  • Vibrant, glossy original colors

CONS:

  • It lasts for few years.
  • Not all woods hold stains
  • A wood stain application requires a much more experienced applicator

Stain vs. Paint House: Which should you choose!

Hopefully you know all about Painting vs. Staining. They are simply 2 different finishes that deliver a different look. Each application is good in its own way. Let’s see what you think would be the best choice for your home.

FAQs On Staining vs Painting

Both stains and paints can produce beautiful, vibrant results. You can protect your house by painting and staining, but they offer different levels of protection. Stain fades gradually over time. However, peeling paint needs to be scraped. The average lifespan of paint is 8-12 years, longer than most stains. In contrast, stain needs refinishing every 5-10 years.

Professional paint can last for ten years without touching up. On the other hand, stains fade faster than paint, requiring more frequent repainting.

Solid stains peel and need to be repainted, especially if the wood is frequently wet or under direct sunlight. If the stain is applied too thickly, excess material will remain above the surface and prevent moisture from leaving the wood. In this way, moisture cannot evaporate, it will stay on the surface and peel away the stain.

Sanding wood is the most effective way to prepare it for staining. You can sand refinished pieces with 120-grit sandpaper. However, the Gel Stain allows you to darken wood furniture without stripping the old stain or sanding.